Laravel 7/6 Queue Example Tutorial

Laravel 6 , Laravel , Laravel 7

Nicesnippets

583

07-02-2020


Hi Guys

Today, I will explain how to end email using queue in laravel 7/6. we will create email send using queue in this example.We will show how to use queue jobs in laravel from scratch.

When you send email for verification or send invoice then it load time to send mail because it is services. you see some process take time to load like email send, payment gateway etc.If you don't want to wait to user for send email or other process on loading server side process then you can use queue. because it's very fast and visitor will happy to see loading time.

In this example, I will very simple example to create queue with database driver for test email sending.You can definitely understand how to work queue and how it's easy. If you haven't used before then don't worry, here if from starch and very simple.

Here i give you full example of Queue example step by step like create laravel 7/6 project,mail,balde,job file etc. So you have to just follow few steps.

Step 1 : Install Laravel 7/6 Application

we are going from scratch, So we require to get fresh Laravel application using bellow command, So open your terminal OR command prompt and run bellow command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step 2: Create Mail Setup

Here this step, We are going from scratch and in first step, we will create email for testing using Laravel Mail facade. So let's simple run bellow command

php artisan make:mail SendEmailTest

After you will have new folder "Mail" in app directory with SendEmailTest.php file. So let's simply copy bellow code and past on that file.

following path:/app/Mail/SendEmailTest.php

<?php

namespace App\Mail;

use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;

use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;

use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;

use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;

class SendEmailTest extends Mailable

{

use Queueable, SerializesModels;

/**

* Create a new message instance.

*

* @return void

*/

public function __construct()

{

}

/**

* Build the message.

*

* @return $this

*/

public function build()

{

return $this->view('emails.test');

}

}

Now we require to create email view using blade file. So we will create simple view file and copy bellow code om following path.

following path:/resources/views/emails/test.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>Laravel 6 Queue Example Tutorial - Nicesnippets.com</title>

</head>

<body>

<center>

<h2>

Laravel 6 Queue Example Tutorial - Nicesnippets.com

</h2>

</center>

<p>Hi, Sir</p>

<p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod

tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam,

quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo

consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse

cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non

proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.</p>

<strong>Thank you Sir. :)</strong>

</body>

</html>

Here configuration of view file, we have to setup for email send, So let' set configuration in .env file:

following path: .env

MAIL_DRIVER=smtp

MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com

MAIL_PORT=587

MAIL_USERNAME=xyz@gmail.com

MAIL_PASSWORD=123456

MAIL_ENCRYPTION=tls

Step 3: Configuration of Queue

Now In step, we will make configuration on queue driver so first of all, we will set queue driver "database". You can set as you want also we will define driver as redis too. So here define database driver on ".env" file:

following path: .env

QUEUE_CONNECTION=database

After that we need to generate migration and create tables for queue. So let's run bellow command for queue database tables:

Generate Migration:

php artisan queue:table

Run Migration:

php artisan migrate

Step 4: Create Queue Job

Here we will create queue job bey following command, this command will create queue job file with Queueable. So let's run bellow command:

php artisan make:job SendEmailJob

After you have SendEmailJob.php file in "Jobs" directory. So let's see that file and put bellow code on that file.

following path: /app/Jobs/SendEmailJob.php

<?php

namespace App\Jobs;

use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;

use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;

use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;

use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\Dispatchable;

use App\Mail\SendEmailTest;

use Mail;

class SendEmailJob implements ShouldQueue

{

use Dispatchable, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable, SerializesModels;

protected $details;

/**

* Create a new job instance.

*

* @return void

*/

public function __construct($details)

{

$this->details = $details;

}

/**

* Execute the job.

*

* @return void

*/

public function handle()

{

$email = new SendEmailTest();

Mail::to($this->details['email'])->send($email);

}

}

Step 5: Test Queue Job

Here In this step use and test created queue job, so let's simple create route with following code for testing created queue.

following path: /routes/web.php

Route::get('email-test', function(){

$details['email'] = 'your_email@gmail.com';

dispatch(new App\Jobs\SendEmailJob($details));

dd('done');

});

After, you can watch your queue process using laravel queue command, so let's run bellow command:

php artisan queue:listen

Now we are ready to run our example so run bellow command for quick run:

php artisan serve

Now you can open bellow URL on your browser:

http://localhost:8000/email-test

It will help you...


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