Laravel 7/6 Cron Job Task Scheduling

Laravel 6 , Laravel , Laravel 7

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04-02-2020


Laravel 7/6  Cron Job Task Scheduling

Hi Guys

Today, I will explain how to create Cron Job Task Scheduling in laravel 7/6 we will give you simple example of cron job task scheduling with laravel 7/6. we will create example step by step of cron job using laravel 7/6 task scheduling.

You can easy create a cron job task scheduling in laravel 7/6.Why we have to use cron job? and what is benefit to use cron jobs in laravel 7/6 and how to setup cron job in laravel 7/6?, If you have this question then i will explain why.Many times we need to send notifications or send email automatically to users for update property or items. So at that time you can define some basic logic for each days, hours etc can run and send email notification.

Here blow the example of cron job task scheduling

Step 1 : Install Laravel 7/6 Application

we are going from scratch, So we require to get fresh Laravel application using bellow command, So open your terminal OR command prompt and run bellow command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step:2 Create New Command

Now this step, we need to create our custom command. custom command will execute with task scheduling scron job. so, let's run bellow command to create new custom command.

php artisan make:command DemoCron --command=demo:cron

After make some changes on Command file.

following path: .app/Console/Commands/DemoCron.php

<?php

namespace App\Console\Commands;

use Illuminate\Console\Command;

class DemoCron extends Command

{

/**

* The name and signature of the console command.

*

* @var string

*/

protected $signature = 'demo:cron';

/**

* The console command description.

*

* @var string

*/

protected $description = 'Command description';

/**

* Create a new command instance.

*

* @return void

*/

public function __construct()

{

parent::__construct();

}

/**

* Execute the console command.

*

* @return mixed

*/

public function handle()

{

\Log::info("Cron is working fine!");

/*

Write your database logic we bellow:

Item::create(['name'=>'hello new']);

*/

$this->info('Demo:Cron Cummand Run successfully!');

}

}

Step 3: Register as Task Scheduler

Here this step, we need to define our commands on Kernel.php file with time when you want to run your command like as bellow functions

->everyMinute(); Run the task every minute
->everyFiveMinutes(); Run the task every five minutes
->everyTenMinutes(); Run the task every ten minutes
->everyFifteenMinutes(); Run the task every fifteen minutes
->everyThirtyMinutes(); Run the task every thirty minutes
->hourly(); Run the task every hour
->hourlyAt(17); Run the task every hour at 17 mins past the hour
->daily(); Run the task every day at midnight
->dailyAt(’13:00?); Run the task every day at 13:00
->twiceDaily(1, 13); Run the task daily at 1:00 & 13:00
->weekly(); Run the task every week
->weeklyOn(1, ‘8:00’); Run the task every week on Tuesday at 8:00
->monthly(); Run the task every month
->monthlyOn(4, ’15:00?); Run the task every month on the 4th at 15:00
->quarterly(); Run the task every quarter
->yearly(); Run the task every year
->timezone(‘America/New_York’); Set the timezone

following path: /app/Console/Kernel.php

<?php

namespace App\Console;

use Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Console\Kernel as ConsoleKernel;

class Kernel extends ConsoleKernel

{

/**

* The Artisan commands provided by your application.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $commands = [

Commands\DemoCron::class,

];

/**

* Define the application's command schedule.

*

* @param \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule $schedule

* @return void

*/

protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)

{

$schedule->command('demo:cron')

->everyMinute();

}

/**

* Register the commands for the application.

*

* @return void

*/

protected function commands()

{

$this->load(__DIR__.'/Commands');

require base_path('routes/console.php');

}

}

Step 4: Run Scheduler Command For Test

Here we are ready to run our cron, so you can manually check using following command of your cron. so let's run bellow command

php artisan schedule:run

Next run above command, you can check log file where we already print some text. so open you your log file it looks like as bellow:

following path: /storage/logs/laravel.php

[2019-04-24 03:46:42] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

[2019-04-24 03:46:52] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

[2019-04-24 03:46:55] local.INFO: Cron is working fine!

At last you can manage this command on scheduling task, you have to add a single entry to your server’s crontab file:

* * * * * php /path/to/artisan schedule:run 1>> /dev/null 2>&1

OR

* * * * * cd /path-to-your-project && php artisan schedule:run >> /dev/null 2>&1

It will help you...