How to Comment System with Replies in Laravel 11?

25-Jun-2024

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Admin

How to Comment System with Replies in Laravel 11?

Hi, Dev

In this tutorial, we will explore how to build a comment system in a Laravel 11 application.

A comment system is an essential feature for blog and tutorial websites. It allows readers to share their thoughts, ask questions, and interact with both the author and other readers. This interaction builds a sense of community, provides valuable feedback, and increases site engagement. Comments make the content more dynamic and engaging, enhancing the reader's experience and encouraging them to return. Additionally, comments offer the author insights into their audience’s interests and concerns, aiding in the improvement of future content.

In this example, we will install Laravel UI to create a basic login and registration system. Then, we will set up a table for posts with columns for the title and body. Registered users can create posts, which other users can view and comment on. We will also implement a feature allowing users to reply to comments. To achieve this, we will utilize Laravel's relationships, specifically hasMany() and belongsTo(). Follow the steps below to build this example.

You can see the preview of examples:

Post Detail Page:


comment-system-with-replies-example

Post Page:

comment-system-with-replies-post-page-11

Step for How to Create Comment System in Laravel 11?

Step 1: Install Laravel 11

Step 2: Create Auth using Scaffold

Step 3: Create Posts and Comments Tables

Step 4: Create Models

Step 5: Create Routes

Step 6: Create Controller

Step 7: Create and Update Blade Files

Run Laravel App

Step 1: Install Laravel 11

This step is not required; however, if you have not created the Laravel app, then you may go ahead and execute the below command:

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

Step 2: Create Auth using Scaffold

Now, in this step, we will create an auth scaffold command to generate login, register, and dashboard functionalities. So, run the following commands:

Laravel 11 UI Package:

composer require laravel/ui

Generate Auth:

php artisan ui bootstrap --auth

npm install

npm run build

Step 3: Create Posts and Comments Tables

Here, we will create posts and comments table. so, let's run the following command:

php artisan make:migration create_posts_comments_table

now, let's update the following migrations:

database/migrations/2024_06_19_140622_create_posts_comments_table.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

return new class extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*/

public function up(): void

{

Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->id();

$table->string('title');

$table->text('body');

$table->timestamps();

});

Schema::create('comments', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->id();

$table->integer('user_id')->unsigned();

$table->integer('post_id')->unsigned();

$table->integer('parent_id')->unsigned()->nullable();

$table->text('body');

$table->timestamps();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*/

public function down(): void

{

Schema::dropIfExists('posts');

Schema::dropIfExists('comments');

}

};

now, Let's run the migration command:

php artisan migrate

Step 4: Create Models

Here, we will create Post and Comment model using the following command. we also need to update User model here. we will write relationship and some model function for Comment system.

php artisan make:model Post

now, update the model file with hasMany() relationship:

app/Models/Post.php

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Post extends Model

{

use HasFactory;

/**

* The attributes that are mass assignable.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $fillable = ['title', 'body'];

/**

* The has Many Relationship

*

* @var array

*/

public function comments()

{

return $this->hasMany(Comment::class)->whereNull('parent_id')->latest();

}

}

app/Models/Comment.php

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Comment extends Model

{

use HasFactory;

/**

* The attributes that are mass assignable.

*

* @var array

*/

protected $fillable = ['user_id', 'post_id', 'parent_id', 'body'];

/**

* The belongs to Relationship

*

* @var array

*/

public function user()

{

return $this->belongsTo(User::class);

}

/**

* The has Many Relationship

*

* @var array

*/

public function replies()

{

return $this->hasMany(Comment::class, 'parent_id');

}

}

Step 5: Create Routes

In this step, we need to create some routes for comment system. So open your "routes/web.php" file and add the following route.

routes/web.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;

use App\Http\Controllers\PostController;

Route::get('/', function () {

return view('welcome');

});

Auth::routes();

Route::get('/home', [App\Http\Controllers\HomeController::class, 'index'])->name('home');

Route::middleware('auth')->group(function () {

Route::get('/posts', [PostController::class, 'index'])->name('posts.index');

Route::post('/posts', [PostController::class, 'store'])->name('posts.store');

Route::get('/posts/{id}', [PostController::class, 'show'])->name('posts.show');

Route::post('/posts/comment/store', [PostController::class, 'commentStore'])->name('posts.comment.store');

});

Step 6: Create Controller

Here, we require the creation of a new controller, PostController, with an index method to display comment. So let's put the code below.

app/Http/Controllers/PostController.php

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use App\Models\Post;

use App\Models\Comment;

class PostController extends Controller

{

/**

* Display a listing of the resource.

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function index()

{

$posts = Post::latest()->get();

return view('posts.index', compact('posts'));

}

/**

* Write code on Method

*

* @return response()

*/

public function store(Request $request)

{

$this->validate($request, [

'title' => 'required',

'body' => 'required'

]);

$post = Post::create([

'title' => $request->title,

'body' => $request->body

]);

return back()->with('success','Post created successfully.');

}

/**

* Show the form for creating a new resource.

*

* @return \Illuminate\Http\Response

*/

public function show($id)

{

$post = Post::find($id);

return view('posts.show', compact('post'));

}

/**

* Write code on Method

*

* @return response()

*/

public function commentStore(Request $request)

{

$request->validate([

'body'=>'required',

]);

$input = $request->all();

$input['user_id'] = auth()->user()->id;

Comment::create($input);

return back()->with('success','Comment added successfully.');

}

}

Step 7: Create and Update Blade Files

In this step, we will update app.blade.php file and create posts.blade file. so, let's update it.

resources/views/layouts/app.blade.php

<!doctype html>

<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">

<head>

<meta charset="utf-8">

<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

<!-- CSRF Token -->

<meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

<title>{{ config('app.name', 'Laravel') }}</title>

<!-- Fonts -->

<link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//fonts.bunny.net">

<link href="https://fonts.bunny.net/css?family=Nunito" rel="stylesheet">

<!-- Scripts -->

@vite(['resources/sass/app.scss', 'resources/js/app.js'])

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.5.1/css/all.min.css" />

<style type="text/css">

.img-user{

width: 40px;

border-radius: 50%;

}

.col-md-1{

padding-right: 0px !important;

}

.img-col{

width: 5.33% !important;

}

</style>

</head>

<body>

<div id="app">

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-md navbar-light bg-white shadow-sm">

<div class="container">

<a class="navbar-brand" href="{{ url('/') }}">

How to Comment System with Replies in Laravel 11 - NiceSnippets.com

</a>

<button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-bs-toggle="collapse" data-bs-target="#navbarSupportedContent" aria-controls="navbarSupportedContent" aria-expanded="false" aria-label="{{ __('Toggle navigation') }}">

<span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>

</button>

<div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navbarSupportedContent">

<!-- Left Side Of Navbar -->

<ul class="navbar-nav me-auto">

</ul>

<!-- Right Side Of Navbar -->

<ul class="navbar-nav ms-auto">

<!-- Authentication Links -->

@guest

@if (Route::has('login'))

<li class="nav-item">

<a class="nav-link" href="{{ route('login') }}">{{ __('Login') }}</a>

</li>

@endif

@if (Route::has('register'))

<li class="nav-item">

<a class="nav-link" href="{{ route('register') }}">{{ __('Register') }}</a>

</li>

@endif

@else

<li class="nav-item">

<a class="nav-link" href="{{ route('posts.index') }}">{{ __('Posts') }}</a>

</li>

<li class="nav-item dropdown">

<a id="navbarDropdown" class="nav-link dropdown-toggle" href="#" role="button" data-bs-toggle="dropdown" aria-haspopup="true" aria-expanded="false" v-pre>

{{ Auth::user()->name }}

</a>

<div class="dropdown-menu dropdown-menu-end" aria-labelledby="navbarDropdown">

<a class="dropdown-item" href="{{ route('logout') }}"

onclick="event.preventDefault();

document.getElementById('logout-form').submit();">

{{ __('Logout') }}

</a>

<form id="logout-form" action="{{ route('logout') }}" method="POST" class="d-none">

@csrf

</form>

</div>

</li>

@endguest

</ul>

</div>

</div>

</nav>

<main class="py-4">

@yield('content')

</main>

</div>

</body>

</html>

resources/views/posts/index.blade.php

@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')

<div class="container">

<div class="row justify-content-center">

<div class="col-md-12">

<div class="card">

<div class="card-header"><i class="fa fa-list"></i> {{ __('Posts List') }}</div>

<div class="card-body">

@session('success')

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">

{{ $value }}

</div>

@endsession

<p><strong>Create New Post</strong></p>

<form method="post" action="{{ route('posts.store') }}" enctype="multipart/form-data">

@csrf

<div class="form-group">

<label>Title:</label>

<input type="text" name="title" class="form-control" />

@error('title')

<div class="text-danger">{{ $message }}</div>

@enderror

</div>

<div class="form-group">

<label>Body:</label>

<textarea class="form-control" name="body"></textarea>

@error('body')

<div class="text-danger">{{ $message }}</div>

@enderror

</div>

<div class="form-group mt-2">

<button type="submit" class="btn btn-success btn-block"><i class="fa fa-save"></i> Submit</button>

</div>

</form>

<p class="mt-4"><strong>Post List:</strong></p>

@foreach($posts as $post)

<div class="card mt-2">

<div class="card-body">

<h5 class="card-title">{{ $post->title }}</h5>

<p class="card-text">{{ $post->body }}</p>

<div class="text-end">

<a href="{{ route('posts.show', $post->id) }}" class="btn btn-primary">View</a>

</div>

</div>

</div>

@endforeach

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

@endsection

resources/views/posts/show.blade.php

@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')

<div class="container">

<div class="row justify-content-center">

<div class="col-md-12">

<div class="card">

<div class="card-header"><h1><i class="fa fa-thumbs-up"></i> {{ $post->title }}</h1></div>

<div class="card-body">

@session('success')

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">

{{ $value }}

</div>

@endsession

{{ $post->body }}

<h4 class="mt-4">Comments:</h4>

<form method="post" action="{{ route('posts.comment.store') }}">

@csrf

<div class="form-group">

<textarea class="form-control" name="body" placeholder="Write Your Comment..."></textarea>

<input type="hidden" name="post_id" value="{{ $post->id }}" />

</div>

<div class="form-group text-end">

<button class="btn btn-success mt-2"><i class="fa fa-comment"></i> Add Comment</button>

</div>

</form>

<hr/>

@include('posts.comments', ['comments' => $post->comments, 'post_id' => $post->id])

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

</div>

@endsection

resources/views/posts/comments.blade.php

@foreach($comments as $comment)

<div class="display-comment row mt-3" @if($comment->parent_id != null) style="margin-left:40px;" @endif>

<div class="col-md-1 text-end img-col">

<img src="https://randomuser.me/api/portraits/men/43.jpg" class="img-user">

</div>

<div class="col-md-11">

<strong>{{ $comment->user->name }}</strong>

<br/><small><i class="fa fa-clock"></i> {{ $comment->created_at->diffForHumans() }}</small>

<p>{!! nl2br($comment->body) !!}</p>

<form method="post" action="{{ route('posts.comment.store') }}">

@csrf

<div class="row">

<div class="col-md-11">

<div class="form-group">

<textarea class="form-control" name="body" placeholder="Write Your Reply..." style="height: 40px;"></textarea>

<input type="hidden" name="post_id" value="{{ $post_id }}" />

<input type="hidden" name="parent_id" value="{{ $comment->id }}" />

</div>

</div>

<div class="col-md-1">

<button class="btn btn-warning"><i class="fa fa-reply"></i> Reply</button>

</div>

</div>

</form>

@include('posts.comments', ['comments' => $comment->replies])

</div>

</div>

@endforeach

Run Laravel App:

All the required steps have been done, now you have to type the given below command and hit enter to run the Laravel app:

php artisan serve

Now, Go to your web browser, type the given URL and view the app output:

http://localhost:8000/

Now, you can register as user and create post. Then comment on it.

I hope it can help you...

#Laravel 11