How to Change Column Name and Data Type in Laravel?

Jan 19, 2023

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Admin

How to Change Column Name and Data Type in Laravel?

Hi dev

Column name migration in Laravel is the main topic of this article. You may learn how to modify a column's type in a Laravel migration by using this example. How to rename a column's name in a Laravel migration is shown step by step. I simply described how to modify the data type during migration in Laravel. The Laravel migration can have its column names changed by following the steps below.

I'll give you two examples of data type changes and column renaming using migration in applications built with Laravel 6, Laravel 7, Laravel 8, and Laravel 9.

Install Composer Package:


composer require doctrine/dbal

After successfully install composer package we can change data type and change column name using migration.

Let's see bellow example:

Migration for main table:

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class CreatePostsTable extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->bigIncrements('id');

$table->string('title');

$table->text('body');

$table->boolean('is_publish')->default(0);

$table->timestamps();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

Schema::dropIfExists('posts');

}

}

Change Data Type using Migration:

body column text data type to long text data type here

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class ChangePostsTableColumn extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::table('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->longText('body')->change();

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

}

}

Rename using Migration:

rename title column to name changed.

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

class ChangePostsTableColumn extends Migration

{

/**

* Run the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function up()

{

Schema::table('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {

$table->renameColumn('title', 'name');

});

}

/**

* Reverse the migrations.

*

* @return void

*/

public function down()

{

}

}

I hope it can help you...

#Laravel